Digitized Sky Survey Information
Who controls the datarights for these images?
- see the MAST Data Use Policy
What format are the images?
- The original digitized images are archived as FITS files
- Most data centers have tile-compressed binary files + software to decompress and create image cutouts dynamically.
- The different services can download these images as FITS files and optionally as GIF or JPG files
What is the image pixel size?
- The original DSS-I plates were scanned at a resolution of 1.7 arcsec per pixel.
- The later DSS-II plates were scanned at a resolution of 1.0 arcsec per pixel.
What do the pixel values represent?
- The DSS images are digitized photographic plates so the images are 'negatives'. The pixel values are a measure of the photographic density of the original plate. The photographic density is a non-linear function of the incident intensity (unlike modern digital detectors). Special calibrations are needed to quantify density-intensity functions.
What are typical problems in the images?
- Photographic plates consist of a thin emulsion of light-sensitive material layered onto a glass substrate (14x14 inches) that is then placed into a holder which bends it to the telescope focal plane. This makes it susceptible to several problems:
- Emulsion scratches
- Dust laying on emulsion (either during exposure OR when being scanned)
- Internal telescope reflections (if close to a very bright star)
- Satellite trails (straight line sometime varying in brightness if the sattelite is rotating/tumbling)
- Aircraft trails (typically 2 or 3 parallel lines - body/wing lights)
Are these images available elsewhere?
- Yes - a number of astronomical data centers have copies of these data and provide services to access them. We are unable to provide a complete list but here is a partial list of 'stable' sites.
- STScI/MAST Simple Search Form or Plate Finder Form
- Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
- Canadian Astronomical Data Center (CADC)
- European Southern Observatory (ESO)
- Color versions (using red/blue/nir plates) are also available
- Microsoft/AAS World-Wide Telescope
Other footer links here?