The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a 2.4-meter reflecting telescope, which was deployed in low-Earth orbit (600 kilometers) by the crew of the space shuttle Discovery (STS-31) on 25 April 1990. HST was designed to be a different type of mission for NASA -- a long-term, space-based observatory with regular servicing missions. HST's current complement of science instruments includes three cameras (ACS, WFC3/UVIS, and WFC3/IR), two spectrographs (COS and STIS), and fine guidance sensors (FGS). These science instruments can produce high-resolution images and spectra of astronomical objects and can also observe ultraviolet radiation, which is blocked by the atmosphere and therefore unavailable to ground-based telescopes. In the infrared portion of the spectrum, the Earth’s atmosphere adds a great deal of background, which is absent in Hubble observations.
After launch, scientists discovered spherical aberration in HST's main mirror, which resulted in fuzzy images. The STS-61 (Endeavour) mission of December 1993 corrected the effects of spherical aberration and fully restored the functionality of HST. Since then, servicing missions have regularly provided opportunities to repair aging and failed equipment as well as incorporate new technologies in the telescope, especially in the Science Instruments that are the heart of its operations. HST was on a three-year cycle of on-orbit servicing, with servicing missions in December 1993, February 1997, December 1999, March 2002 and May 2009. No future servicing missions are planned at this time.
More information and documentation on HST can be found at the HST website.
Launch: April 1990
Observation: March 18, 1991 - present
Imaging FWHM ≈ 0.067-0.156 arcsec
Spectroscopy resolving power R (= λ/∆λ) ≈ 70-114,000
- UV, optical, and NIR imaging
- UV, optical, and NIR spectroscopy
- Interferometry for precision astrometry
Wide Field Camera 3
Cosmic Origins Spectrograph
Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph
Advanced Camera for Surveys
Fine Guidance Sensors
High Speed Photometer
Faint Object Spectrograph
Faint Object Camera
Goddard High-Resolution Spectrograph
Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer
Wide Field/Planetary Camera 1
Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2
|Spectroscopy||Wavelength Coverage||Instrument In-Service Dates|
|COS||X||X||UV||May 2009 - present|
|WFC3||X||X||UV, Vis, IR||May 2009 - present|
|ACS||X||X||X||X||X||UV, Vis||Mar 2002 -Jan 2007 & May 2009 - present|
Feb 1997 -Aug 2004 & May 2009 - present
|NICMOS||X||X||X||IR||Feb 1997 - Jan 1999 & Mar 2002 - Sep 2008|
|WFPC2||X||X||UV, Vis||Dec 1993 - May 2009|
|FOC||X||X||X||UV, Vis||Apr 1990 - Mar 2002|
|FOS||X||X||X||UV, Vis||Apr 1990 - Feb 1997|
|GHRS||X||X||UV||Apr 1990 - Feb 1997|
|HSP||X||X||UV, Vis||Apr 1990 - Nov 1993|
|WF/PC||X||X||X||UV, Vis||Apr 1990 - Nov 1993|
The Hubble Source Catalog (HSC) is designed to optimize science from the Hubble Space Telescope by combining the tens of thousands of visit-based source lists in the Hubble Legacy Archive (HLA) into a single master catalog
Search for Hubble data with this easy to use form. New to Hubble data? This is a great place to start.
Search multiple collections of astronomical data-sets from one place—images, spectra, catalogs, timeseries, publication records and more
A streamlined interface for Python users to access data in MAST. Replicates most functions of the MAST Portal web interface. Access MAST queries using the same function conventions and return types available for all Astroquery services. Integrate easily with Astropy functionality and other Python analysis tools.
Search for extragalactic observations and catalog data from MAST high-level science products (HLSP). Download results for further analysis or quickly view detailed information by individual galaxy—aggregated data, image cutouts, observed SEDs, and observations
This dataset contains calibrated and raw data for all of the currently active instruments on HST: ACS, COS, STIS and WFC3.
To obtain information about a specific program, enter the Program ID or the Investigator's Name and hit one of the buttons to the right of the entry box. When entering an investigator's name, either just the LAST name or both the FIRST and LAST name may be specified.
Search the HST proposal abstracts and/or proposal titles for specific strings of interest. You may also search the HST abstracts database for a specific Guest Investigator (either in combination with a string search of the abstracts or alone).
The Hubble Legacy Archive (HLA) is designed to optimize science from the Hubble Space Telescope by providing online, enhanced Hubble products and advanced browsing capabilities. The HLA is a joint project of the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), the Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility (ST-ECF), and the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre (CADC).
The Hubble Catalog of Variables (HCV) is the first full, homogeneous, catalog of variable sources found in the Hubble Source Catalog (HSC), which is built out of publicly available images obtained with the WFPC2, ACS, and WFC3 instruments onboard the HST. The HCV is the deepest catalog of variables available. It includes variable stars in our Galaxy and nearby galaxies, as well as transients and variable active galactic nuclei.
Each mission hosted by MAST, and often each instrument within a mission, produces data products with a variety of semantic content.
High Level Science Products are observations, catalogs, or models that complement, or are derived from, MAST-supported missions, including HST. HLSPs can include images, spectra, light curves, maps, source catalogs, or simulations. They can include observations from other telescopes, or data that have been processed in a way that differs from what's available in the originating archive.
These 'Hubble Advanced Products' (HAP) are referred to as 'Single Visit Mosaics' (SVMs). They are all drizzled onto the same north-up pixel grid and may have improved relative alignment across filters for images acquired within the same visit, enabling easy comparison of the images through multiple filters.
Since early 2016, the Hubble Spectroscopic Legacy Archive (HSLA) provides the community with all raw and associated combined spectra for COS far-ultraviolet data publicly available in the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST). These data are packaged into "smart archives" according to target type and scientific themes to facilitate the construction of archival samples for common science uses.