Attribution Requirements

It is expected that the results of observations from active missions, and from Archival Research programs using data hosted by MAST, will be published in the scientific literature. All refereed publications based on data from these programs should include the following types of attributions:

  • Acknowledge the observing facility or mission where the data were obtained
    • List the observing programs
    • Cite the specific datasets using a DOI
  • Acknowledge the funding source
  • Specify the facilities used

(See also, the Astronomy Acknowledgement Generator.)

Data Source

The source of the data should be acknowledged in all publications, with one or more of the acknowledgements given on the Mission Acknowledgements page, as appropriate.

Identify the Data Collection

Authors should also include a digital object identifier (DOI) in all papers that use MAST data. MAST provides a service to generate a DOI if needed; it should point to the specific data analyzed in the paper. We suggest that authors cite the DOI near the end of a section entitled, e.g., "Data" or "Observations." For example, the AASTeX markup for a citation to the HLSP collection called HTTP would be:

DOI citation using the AASTeX \dataset macro

The data described here may be obtained from the MAST archive at


When publishing in journals that do not provide the \dataset macro, a simple \url macro will do:

DOI citation using the \url macro

The data described here may be obtained from



If the research described in the publication was supported by a grant from STScI, the following acknowledgment must be included:

Support for program programID was provided by NASA through a grant from the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5–26555.

where programID is the observing program number assigned by the mission.

Facility Keywords

Include the appropriate facility keywords when preparing manuscripts for an AAS journal. The following is an example for a paper where HST/WFC3 data were used in conjunction with a MAST high-level science product (HLSP) collection, and data from the Pan-STARRS survey:

\facilities{HST (WFC3), MAST (HLSP, Pan-STARRS)}

Report Publications

It is very important to maintain the accuracy and completeness of the HST and JWST bibliographies to demonstrate the science impact of these facilities. Authors should email a link to an electronic version of each publication (including preprints) that is based on HST, JWST, or Archival research to the following address:

This requirement includes both refereed and non-refereed publications, but not abstracts or poster papers.