HST Publication Statistics

These statistics are for HST papers from refereed journals.

YearGOARPart GO
Part Archive
Programs
not Assigned
Total
201721122210512550
201633337515520883
20153273561558846
201430135814018817
201327931411973785
201230936113542847
201126838611222788
201025935610712734
20092653008827680
20082343267767704
20072663178758728
200622329511384715
200524726612053686
20042382479828611
200321627010813607
20022412019961602
20012621817244559
20002471826642537
19992371745338502
19982781644126509
1997213118434378
1996177843511307
199516259203244
199412239143178
1993722983112
199234184258
19913191142
--60526007217577515009

          Plot created Feb 25, 2017

Comparative h‐ and m‐indices for Fifteen Ground‐ and Space‐Based Observatories

The following graphics and chart are based on the STScI report "Comparative h‐ and m‐indices for Fifteen Ground‐ and Space‐Based Observatories" in this pdf file:   h-andm-indexComparisonThru2016v1.2.pdf. Please read the report to understand the methodology used when calculating values found in the plots and table below.

Please note: The SOFIA data in this report represents the starting point at first light, Nov 30, 2010. The SOFIA program declared full operations on May 29, 2014. Indices for this relatively young observatory should be measured at a later date for a fuller and more accurate picture of productivity. As a unique airborne observatory, future assessments should measure SOFIA against other observatories while taking into account the available hours for data collection for this unique non-space, non-ground observatory.

h-index for Ground- and Space-Based Observatories through 2016

m-index for Ground- and Space-Based Observatories through 2016

h-index/m-index Comparison of Ground- and Space-Based Observatories through 2016

Telescope/Observatory Comparison through 2016
Telescope/Observatoryh-indexm-index#yrs since first publicationFirst Scientific paper publishedDate of Launch/First LightPrimary Types(s)
Hubble2579.88261991April 24, 1990multi-wavelength (optical, IR, UV)
Keck2289.91231994Keck I May 1993/Keck II Oct 1996optical/IR
VLT/VLTI19310.721819991998 (Fully operation w/ fourth telescope in 2000)optical
Spitzer18514.23132004Aug 25, 2003IR
VLA/JVLA1764.29411976Sept 1975 (Officially dedicated in 1980)radio
Chandra17510.29172000July 23, 1999x-ray
XMM-Newton1298.06162001Dec 1999x-ray/optical
Subaru1197172000Jan 1999optical/IR
Gemini1146.711720001999 Mauna Kea/2000 Chileoptical/IR
Fermi10611.7892008June 2008gamma ray
Swift1068.83122005Nov 20, 2004gamma ray/x-ray/UV
Kepler/K210112.6382009March 2009/June 2014*photometric
ALMA448.852012Oct 2011millimeter/submillimeter radiation
NuSTAR32842013June 2012x-ray
SOFIA152.562011Nov 30, 2010 (Full operations reached May 29, 2014)IR/submillimeter

For further information and discussion of methods, refer to p.1 of the report, Comparative h‐ and m‐indices for Fifteen Ground‐ and Space‐Based Observatories. Questions can be directed to library@stsci.edu.

Number of papers using HST Instruments

YearACSCOSFGSFOCFOSHRSHSPNICMOSSTISWFPCWFPC2WFC3
20172924650134125621105297
2016498863625120751171161389
2015481764322120591043176383
2014432707320131721124201323
2013421535324100841095188236
2012473443414150991143265190
201145848982310012011110246100
201042818472219112296927348
200943315319301248142371
2008405055141001129862600
200737901072522010713052620
200629704122828111616382740
20052050843521010519263030
20041220912292626017553060
2003270710362519316593380
200210610372506416053190
200100412323838611232940
2000007235471898372790
19990082053622632942460
199800515838822520182570
1997007355675121251770
1996002235845400301470
199500132545950048550
199400329383940053150
19930022421254003910
199200314990002200
1991002114130001000
--5352442138314829755331702223434353851967

Note that some papers use more than one instrument and are counted for each instrument.

Plots created Feb 25, 2017

Number of Unique Authors

Year# Authors# First Authors
20173289509
20164517798
20154191740
20143820716
20133564704
20124089750
20113875690
20103235649
20092740604
20082741622
20072691641
20062437621
20052389595
20042043527
20032015522
20021859496
20011795467
20001699446
19991493419
19981562431
19971115320
1996835253
1995797202
1994589146
199338798
199219447
199114936

Unique first authors on HST papers: 5714
Unique authors on HST papers: 16014

Plot created Feb 25, 2017
Author name is defined as last name, first initial. Slight variations in spelling may increase the number of unique names. More common names with the same first initial may result in an undercount.

Citations

Year# CitationsAvg # Citations# GO CitationsAvg # GO Citations# AR CitationsAvg # AR citations# Part GO/AR CitationsAvg # Part Citations
201717693694365224013
20167910834531024616164310
20151486116618018483013378724
20142014723828225710719446630
201325658311059935757422535744
2012302593312259371022526640745
2011347874014520491269130640255
2010354024315872531327134504443
2009332124514953511244939468650
2008365114912628531500246545569
2007431735820604771508746470654
2006421685715013671561152742765
2005384715514806591359050736561
2004406016321126881107144564957
2003403916417599801447353674862
2002357205713376541169958713572
200134665611828669956252442761
200028940531336254842546518578
199928748561303654977555364667
19984038579193126913937845672138
199725394671462668676057398592
199623921771481783445553295284
199515492621098067296150145872
1994112966375796226716896468
199358235139315414324938848
19922758471987585823217944
1991242057204966332363636